Ethics Guideline

The Code of Research Ethics of The Korean Earth Science Society

Enacted on June 29, 2007


Article 1 [Objective]
The purpose of this Code of Research Ethics (hereinafter "the Code") is to establish the ethical principles and standards with which every member of the Korean Earth Science Society (hereinafter "the Society") must comply while working to achieve the goals of the Society.

Article 2 [Aim]
All members of the Society, including its president and officers (hereinafter "member(s)"), shall comply with this Code and the Society's other guidelines and regulations related to research ethics.

Article 3 [Research Ethics]
(1) Each member shall be faithful to his/her scholarly conscience and ethics before/during/after all his/her activities related to education or research.
(2) Each member shall not seek any unjust or improper profit using information obtained during/concerning the performance of research.
(3) Each member shall, when submitting a manuscript to the Journal of the Society, make sure that the article retains scientific objectivity in the entire process of his/her research. In addition, each member shall not make any deliberate omission, overstatement or transformation of his/her research results.
(4) Each member, who submits a manuscript to the Journal of the Society, shall respect the copyrights of other people, and shall not present any portion of their studies or arguments in his/her article or report, as though they are of his/her own original work.

Article 4 [Plagiarism]
(1) The Society herein defines plagiarism as any kind of exploitation of other people's intellectual property arbitrarily, without clear citation deliberately and/or unintentionally.
(2) The following acts shall be deemed typical acts of plagiarism:
1) Unauthorized use of the original author's ideas, unique terms, data or analysis system without citing literature; and
2) Direct quotation of a large portion of other people's writing or article without quotation marks, even with the source identification.

Article 5 [Determination of Plagiarism]
For any paper found suspicious of plagiarism, while under review or after publication in the Society Journal, the Editorial Committee of the Society shall assume primary authority to make decisions on whether plagiarism has indeed taken place and what sanctions to be taken against the plagiarism. If an author files a legal action or complaint for the violation of the Code, the Society shall constitute Ethics Committee to take appropriate measures on the deliberation, judgement, and sanction thereof.

Article 6 [Sanctions]
The following sanctions shall be taken against any author (or paper) whose plagiarism has been confirmed, after a deliberation by the Editorial Committee:
(1) The article shall be deleted from the Journal list;
(2) The author shall be prohibited from making submissions to the journal (for at least two (2) years);
(3) A notice of plagiarism shall be posted on the Society's website;
(4) A notice of plagiarism shall be delivered to the culpable individual(s) and organizations; and
(5) The details of the violation shall be reported to the Korea Research Foundation.

Article 7 [Duplicate/Redundant Publication]
Any attempt to publish an article already published in other journals as a contribution to the Society Journal shall be deemed plagiarism, which accordingly shall be subject to the same sanctions as plagiarism.

Article 8 [Filing a Complaint]
Any ongoing case of plagiarism or duplicate publication shall be presented to the Ethics Committee, if necessary, according to the Society's pertinent procedures.

Article 9 [Ethics Committee]
If any officer or Member of the Society has violated the Code, then a meeting of the Ethics Committee shall be convened to work out detailed matters as required.

Article 10 [Constitution of the Ethics Committee]
(1) For the maintenance of the Code, the Society shall establish and manage an Ethics Committee.
(2) The Ethics Committee shall consist of seven (7) members including a Chairperson and a Vice-Chairperson.
(3) The Chairperson and other members of the Ethics Committee shall be appointed by the Society's President on the Board of Directors' recommendation.
(4) The Chairperson of the Editorial Committee shall serve concurrently as the Vice-Chairperson of the Ethics Committee.
(5) The Ethics Committee's Chairperson and members shall have a term of office of three (3) years.

Article 11 [Functions of the Ethics Committee]
The Ethics Committee shall
(1) Establish necessary rules and deliberate on whether a violation of the Code has actually occurred;
(2) Consider and resolve the issues taken to the Committee, within sixty (60) days from the receipt thereof; and
(3) Decide disciplinary actions such as expelling, disqualifying, suspending, censuring or forcing a public apology for the Code victims.

Article 12 [Complaints for Violation of the Code of Ethics]
(1) Filing a complaint to the Ethics Committee shall be accompanied to the signatures of at least ten (10) regular members.
(2) Any member, against whom a complaint is filed for violation of the Code, shall cooperate with the Ethics Committee's investigation.

Article 13 [Vindication and Confidentiality]
(1) A member suspected for violation of the Code of Ethics, even if a complaint is filed against, shall retain his/her rights as a member unless or until his/her violation is confirmed.
(2) The filed member for the suspicious violation of the Code shall be given due and sufficient opportunity to defend himself/herself.
(3) The Ethics Committee shall not disclose the suspicious violator's identity to any third party outside until a final decision is made.

Article 14 [Revisions of the Code of Ethics]
Any and all revisions to the Code of Ethics shall be made by the Board of Directors.

Supplementary Provision
This Code of Ethics shall come into effect on the 29th day of June 2007 after deliberation by the Board of Directors (during the 4th Board of Directors of 2007).